How to install new hardware to a PC ?
First the cautions:
• Ground yourself and the computer! ESD will kill your new hardware faster than you can snap your fingers!
• Disconnect the power cord from the computer! Accidentally powering up the computer is not good for the components while your hands are inside the
• Insure that the component is seated all the way in the slot.
• Be careful with cables, if you break the receptacle on you new device you will have to buy another one!
Install you new device in the slot, memory is special. Memory has two locks, one on each end use both hands to press one each end of the module, you want it to go into the slot all at once, not on an angle. When you press it in and it seats the locks will go into position with a ‘click’, press them inwards on the memory module to insure they are locked. [A misaligned memory module can burn up if not properly seated!]
Put the cover back on the computer, this will preclude you from reaching inside the computer while it is powered up. Touching the components while powered up is dangerous and could cause you to be badly injured if not killed. Also moving cables while the computer powered up may damage the component it is connected to.
Connect any external cables (keyboard, mouse, etc) that you disconnected. Before you power up have the key press to access the BIOS settings, you will want the BIOS to see the new hardware before the OS does.
Power up, once the system is running log on. Once the welcoming screen goes away the OS should find your new hardware, if it needs any drivers have the install media
available. Assuming that the hardware was found and the OS loaded the drivers install any programs that are associated with the new hardware.
New hardware or a device not functioning when installed.
You install your new card in your computer and start it up, after the welcome page or log on, nothing. The computer doesn’t see your new card. What is going on? You know the device is good, it is brand new!
Well there are some things that you need to look at. First shut the computer down. Check the card, is it seated in the slot properly? When you are satisfied that it is seated restart the system. While it is starting use the key press to get into the BIOS settings. You will not see the card but the BIOS needs to be saved. One more thing you can do in the BIOS is go to the PCI screen and see what interrupts are being used. Check the documentation for the card and see if it requires a specific interrupt, if so set it for the slot that the new card is in.
Save you changes and restart the computer, did the OS find the new hard ware?
No then you have some more work to do. Check the new device’s documentation, is there a setup program for the device drivers, if so run it. Did the OS find the device?
No then you will need to restart the system, once restarted did the OS see the new device?
Yes, done! No then open System Manager (Right click on My Computer, select Manage from the menu, drop down to Device Manager) locate your new device, is it listed by
name or is it a generic yellow ‘?’. Either way right click on the device, go to properties. On the General tab check the Device status. The status reports either working properly or there is an error. Check the Device usage box, if it is reporting ‘Do not use this device…. (disable)’ change to ‘Use this device (enable)’. Next go to Driver tab it should report a Driver Provider, Date, Version, and if it is a signed driver. If there isn’t a driver listed close the properties page.
Anywhere in the white space in the right window of the Device manager, select ‘Scan for hardware changes’.
Did the OS find the new hardware? If it finds the hardware let it search for drivers. If it doesn’t find the drivers, redo the scan for hardware changes, when the ‘Welcome to the Fond new Hardware Wizard’ opens select ‘No, not this time’ click ‘Next’. Select ‘Install from a list of or specific location (Advanced), click ‘Next’. On the next screen is where you can search for the driver. Select ‘Include this location in the search’ if you know the location type it in or do a search for your drivers. The program should fine your new hardware drivers.
Another step you could take if the above step fails but is more involved:
Instead of selecting ‘Include this location in the search’ select ‘Don’t search I will choose the driver to install’. In the ‘Hardware Type’ window scroll down to your device type and highlight it. Click ‘Next’, regardless of what is displayed by the window select ‘Have Disk…’ Click ‘Next’, Type in the path to the drivers or browse to the location. Click ‘OK’ you will be given a list of devices that the program found, select the driver of your device. Sometimes the will be more than one device that is supported select yours.
Complete the install.
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